The Nevada caucuses are the third Presidential nominating process held in the nation and the second contest that is a caucus instead of a primary. The caucuses are "closed," which means a voter must be registered with a political party if they want to participate in a caucus, but any eligible individual may register to vote or change their party registration on caucus day.
Even though Nevada is the third nominating contest, it is important because the state is one of the most diverse in the nation, comprising of a majority minority-population that better reflects the base of the Democratic Party. Democratic contenders are vying for a share of the states 36 pledged delegates,23 of which are allocated based off the results of the caucuses.
The 2020 caucuses are on Saturday, February 22 and begin at 10:00a.m. PST, with the first round of voting starting at 12:00p.m. PST. Caucuses can take two or more hours before a final count is tallied and reported to state party headquarters. Candidates are awarded delegates based off the percentage of people who caucused for them throughout the state, so long as they meet the fifteen percent "viability threshold."
Nevada also allows early voting for the caucuses where voters rank up to five candidates depending on their preferences. Those ballots will then be added to the in-person caucus results based on a voters precinct and incorporated into the final tally at the end of the first round of voting.
Since delegates are awarded proportionally, a candidate can win the Nevada caucuses without receiving a majority of the votes cast. Whoever will be receiving a plurality of the delegates is often declared the winner by local and national media.