Senate Voting Results | 2020 Current Senate Election Live Results

The United States Senate chamber.The United States Senate chamber.By: United States Senate

2020 Senate Elections | November 3rd, 2020

StateIncumbentChallengerPolls
AlabamaDoug Jones (D)Tommy Tuberville (R)View AL Senate Polls
AlaskaDan Sullivan (R)Al Gross (I)View AK Senate Polls
ArizonaMartha McSally (R)Mark Kelly (D)View AZ Senate Polls
ArkansasTom Cotton (R)Ricky Harrington Jr. (R)View AR Senate Polls
ColoradoCory Gardner (R)John Hickenlooper (D)View CO Senate Polls
DelawareChris Coons (D)Lauren Witzke (R)View DE Senate Polls
GeorgiaDavid Perdue (R)Jon Ossoff (D)View GA Senate Polls
GeorgiaKelly Loeffler (R)Raphael Warnock (D)View GA Senate Polls
IdahoJim Risch (R)Paulette Jordan (D)View ID Senate Polls
IllinoisDick Durbin (D)Mark Curran (R)View IL Senate Polls
IowaJoni Ernst (R)Theresa Greenfield (D)View IA Senate Polls
KansasPat Roberts (R)Roger Marshall (R)View KS Senate Polls
KentuckyMitch McConnell (R)Amy McGrath (D)View KY Senate Polls
LouisianaBill Cassidy (R)Adrian Perkins (D)View LA Senate Polls
MaineSusan Collins (R)Sara Gideon (D)View ME Senate Polls
MassachusettsEd Markey (D)Kevin O'Connor (R)View MA Senate Polls
MichiganGary Peters (D)John James (R)View MI Senate Polls
MinnesotaTina Smith (D)Jason Lewis (R)View MN Senate Polls
MississippiCindy Hyde Smith (R)Mike Espy (D)View MS Senate Polls
MontanaSteve Daines (R)Steve Bullock (D)View MT Senate Polls
NebraskaBen Sasse (R)Chris Janicek (D)View NE Senate Polls
New HampshireJeanne Shaheen (D)Corky Messner (R)View NH Senate Polls
New JerseyCory Booker (D)Rik Mehta (R)View NJ Senate Polls
New MexicoTom Udall (D)Ben Ray Lujan (D)View NM Senate Polls
North CarolinaThom Tillis (R)Cal Cunningham (D)View NC Senate Polls
OklahomaJames Inhofe (R)Abby Broyles (D)View OK Senate Polls
OregonJeff Merkley (D)Jo Rae Perkins (R)View OR Senate Polls
Rhode IslandJack Reed (D)Allen Waters (R)View RI Senate Polls
South CarolinaLindsey Graham (R)Jaime Harrison (D)View SC Senate Polls
South DakotaMike Rounds (R)Dan Ahlers (D)View SD Senate Polls
TennesseeLamar Alexander (R)Bill Hagerty (R)View TN Senate Polls
TexasJohn Cornyn (R)MJ Hegar (D)View TX Senate Polls
VirginiaMark Warner (D)Daniel Gade (R)View VA Senate Polls
West VirginiaShelley Moore Capito (R)Paula Jean Swearengin (D)View WV Senate Polls
WyomingMike Enzi (R)Cynthia Lummis (R)View WY Senate Polls

Senate election results are announced by individual states, with states on the eastern coast typically being announced first and western states being announced later. One-third of the Senate is up for grabs every two years, with the winners serving a six-year term.

Winners are typically announce over the airwaves, but the two main organizations who actually make the official call in a given state are Reuters and The Associated Press.

Senate Election Results

Current Senate voting results are updated live by both the Associated Press and Reuters. They partner with local election experts to accurately track and predict who will win a given election.

The winner of the most votes is the winner of the election in the vast majority of states, with the exception of Georgia and Louisiana, which hold runoff elections if no candidate received fifty percent of the vote in the general election. 

Many states are not competitive in most election cycles, with the Democratic or Republican Party firmly being in control of a seat regardless of who the candidate is. Of the over thirty seats up for grabs each election cycle, ten to fifteen are usually a tossup with the remaining elections being firmly in either sides camp. 

Whether or not a state allows early and/or absentee (mail) voting will greatly impact when a given race will be called. States that allow early and absentee votes to be counted before election day will typically be able to declare a winner on election night, but states that don't begin counting early and absentee votes until election day may take extra time to count all the votes before being able to accurately declare a winner.

Quality Real Time Senate Election Results Publications:
The Associated Press
Reuters
FiveThirtyEight
CNN
ABC/NBC/CBS
New York Times
Washington Post

Early, Absentee, and Mail-in Voting

Thirty-eight states and Washington, D.C. have some form of early voting and five states vote exclusively by mail. 

States have wide latitude when it comes to early voting. Many states allow their citizens to vote early for any reason while others require a valid excuse in order to vote early or by mail. Additionally, some states allow early, in-person voting for weeks before an election while others have a limited number of days they allow early in-person voting to take place.

Ballots cast early at an official polling site are counted immediately while ballots cast by mail are opened and added to the official total according to state law. States that wait until election day to begin opening ballots cast early may take longer to report the results compared to states that begin counting ballots as soon as they are received by state election officials.

Declaring Senate Election Winners

A winner is declared in a state when it is clear a candidate has or will have more votes than any other candidate in the state in every state other than Georgia and Louisiana, who require a candidate to win fifty percent of the vote before they will be declared the winner. Typically the winner of a state will be called by The Associated Press and/or Reuters and then relayed to the American people by media outlets. 

If a state is too close to call then most states give the losing candidate an opportunity to request a partial or full recount. The candidate requesting the recount is typically required to submit a deposit toward the cost of conducting the recount, which is then refunded if the recount reverses the result of the election. If a recount does not change the results then the candidate who asked for the recount is required to pay most, if not all, of the costs associated with the recount. 

Other states have automatic recounts when the election result between the top two candidates is within a certain percentage. In these cases, the state covers all costs associated with the recount.

In the vast majority of elections, Senate races are won by enough votes that a recount is not necessary.