While most state governors have ultimate say over who will receive a vaccine first and in what order they will be distributed, the vast majority of them have said they will follow the guidance of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Once you receive the first dose of your vaccine, you will receive a card that will detail which vaccine you received, the date of your first vaccine, and when you need to get your second dose.
As of this writing, the FDA is recommending a phased approach to vaccinations where frontline workers and residents of nursing homes will receive their vaccinations first.
The groups are as follows:
- Healthcare personnel (anyone who has direct interaction with patients on a regular basis, up to and including physicians, nurses, therapists, etc.
- Residents of long-term care facilities regardless of age.
- Frontline essential workers (fire fighters, police officers, corrections officers, food and agricultural workers, United States Postal Service workers, manufacturing workers, grocery store workers, public transit workers, and educators (teachers, support staff, and daycare workers.)
- Incarcerated and homeless individuals.
- People aged 75 years and older.
- People aged 65—74
- People aged 16—64 with underlying medical conditions which increase the risk of serious, life-threatening complications from the virus.
- Other essential workers (people who work in transportation and logistics, food service, housing construction and finance, information technology, communications, energy, law, media, public safety, and public health.)
- All other individuals who do not meet any of the requirements to receive a vaccine during any stage of Phase 1.
Again, this is the guidance issued by the CDC and FDA and individual states are currently not required to follow the guidance. This can change with the passage of a Federal law that addresses vaccine distribution, but that has not happened as of this writing.
You can visit your states Department of Health website for more individualized vaccine distribution information.